Sudan and the humanitarian crisis that happens there is an everlasting structural conflict that happened even from the 1970s. As we all know the ethnicity division in Sudan is twofold; the Arabs (who hold governmency) and rebel Africans.
There's lots of versions of how the conflict started but that does not matter much this time (another story in another time hahaha). The most tricky element of the conflict is that it is structural, and this i think is the hardest conflicts of all.
We know how hard it is for International world to touch the domestic squabbles of a single state; due to restriction, sovereignity, etc etc.. Structural conflicts is most tricky because the Government is part of the problem, so International aid will most likely face difficulty in penetrating and trying to help.
Just to fill you in with the numbers; since the 1970s, an approximate of 2.5 million people have been ilisted as IDPs --Internally Displaced Persons-- and from that number a further 200,000-
400,000 is listed as dead. US Scretary of State at the time (2004is I think) Collin Powell stated that the Sudan crisis is the worst humanitarian crisis of the 21st century.
Even Sudan can surpass the massive atrocities that happened back in 1994 in Rwanda, and 1992 in Sierra Leone. Question is; what can we do?
This is where things enter the game of politics. UNSC --United Nations Security Council-- wishes to impose sanctions in the forms of embargo for Sudan, however Sudan and the neighbouring state of Chad is a field for oil excavaton. China has investments there, so obviously they vetoed the UNSC resolution. ICRC --International Committee of Red Cross-- can only post up tents to help out with those 2.5 million IDPs in the area.
The ICC --International Criminal Court-- could no better either. They tried to prosecute the perpetrators like the leader of the Janjawid (rebel groups that hire infant soldiers, one large rgroup in the conflict) but to no avail.
I can only watch this conflict, it engraves massive sadness in me that there's not much that a single individual like me can do to make a change.
What can we do? So far as legislation and advocacy goes, not much. At least care, at least try to understand that when we can enjoy ourselves on the internet there's thousands of people there that cries wondering where the next meal would come from, where their dads are, where their kids are, etc etc..
Start caring, start crying for Sudan